Now the agricultural sector is most rapidly embedding new technologies to increase productivity and optimize fieldwork. This is because the state produces more grants for the development and direction of improving the working conditions of farmers and agricultural companies.
Global Market Insights forecasts that the agricultural drone market size will exceed $1 billion and 200,000 units shipped by 2024. GMI attributes growth through 2024 to increase awareness of the pros and cons of drones in agriculture among farmers.
UAVs or drones can optimize agriculture operations, increase crop production, and monitor crop growth. Sensors and cameras capabilities can give farmers a full picture of their fields and territories. Using an agriculture drone and gathering information from it may prove useful in improving crop yields and farm efficiency.
UAVs and drones let farmers see their fields from the sky. This bird’s-eye view can reveal many issues such as irrigation problems, soil variation, and pest and fungal infestations. The combination of sensors shows the farmer the differences between healthy and unhealthy plants, that not always a person can view from the ground. Thus, these pictures can assist in assessing crop growth and production.
Drones and UAVs can survey different data that would be useful for farmers. Weekly, daily, or even hourly, pictures can show the changes in the crops over time, thus showing possible “trouble spots”. Having identified these trouble spots, the farmer can attempt to improve crop management and production.
Drones are an affordable investment when compared to most farm equipment. They can pay for themselves and start saving money within a single growing season.
Here are the main use cases for using UAVs in agriculture:
- Estimating soil condition – information can help farmers determine the most effective patterns for planting, managing crops, soil, and more.
- Planting future crops – the technology helps to minimize the need for on-the-ground planting, which can be costly, time-intensive, and strenuous work.
- Agriculture spraying – allows diagnose and treat potential crop issues before they become a widespread issue across the entire farm.
- Crop surveillance – you cannot only obtain real-time footage but also time-based animation, which can illuminate crop progression in real-time.
For the properly work with the UAVs or drones is better to use such sensors:
- Still image cameras
- Multispectral – identify nutrient deficiencies, pest damage, fertilizer needs, and water quality.
- Hyperspectral – used to analyze plant nutrients, plant diseases, water quality, and mineral and surface chemical composition.
- Lidar – using lasers this sensor produces elevation data that can create 3D models of your farm
- Thermal – track the surface temperature of land and plants
They are allowed to get accurate pictures, video and other data for analysis of the current situation on fields and make some predictions for next months.
According to the goal and requirements, UAV can increase productivity on the farm and optimize the works.
Technology development is taking great strides, and it is certain that in the future, drones will perform even more tasks and help minimize human resources in fieldwork.